Land Report (Chemonics MCC 2006)
Land Report (Chemonics MCC 2006)
This report was completed by Chemonics for the Millenium Challenge Corporation (MCC).
The goal of the Land Tenure Services component is to improve land access by producers and investors through a more transparent and efficient land rights allocation process and to develop a more robust and sustainable approach in Mozambique to removing land tenure related constraints to private investment and to participation of the poor in economic growth.
The objective of the present assessment is to design a program that will address:
• Regulatory issues related to the certitude and security of land rights (in particular formal mechanisms to transmit rights in land, land use regulations and taxation issues and methods available to resolve conflicting land claims and disputes)
• Improvements in the capacity of the land administration services in the northern provinces (reducing difficulties in gaining access to information and data, allowing better service in meeting client information needs for decision making, reducing unnecessary expenses resulting from duplication of effort, time and resources and making land access by producers and investors a more transparent and efficient process)
• A sound land tenure administration process, in priority areas, which safeguards and strengthens the land rights of both private investors and local communities.
The assessment was carried out by a team consisting of Mike Cheremshynskky, Sergiy Lizenko and Simon Norfolk. On the basis of the agreed work plan, the assessment was carried out during June and July of 2006. This involved literature reviews in relevant areas, interviews at a national level and visits to institutions in the districts and provincial capitals of the four Northern Provinces.
The team was accompanied to many of the provincial interviews by Elias Dique of DINATEF, the technical counterpart appointed by the core MCA team, to whom thanks are due for the valuable assistance and information that he provided.
An interim report was produced in June and a presentation to the MCC/MCA Core Team was delivered after the conclusion of the provincial visits. The consultant team held follow-up meetings with DINATEF, CTA and others to solicit comments on the interim report.
Much of the background and context to the issues raised in the report are included as part of the annexes. These annexes may be of particular interest to readers that may not be familiar with the legal framework of land administration systems in the country and the broader development context. The ToR for the report also specified that the recommendations for activity design should reflect an understanding of the land policy framework of the GoM and of the recent, on-going and planned projects supported by other donors. The annexes include this background information and where relevant, there are references within the report to indicate this.
The report is structured as follows:
Section 1 - Background & Context..
Section 2 - Key Problems and Constraints in Effective Implementation of the Land Law
Section 3 - Conceptual framework for a program of assistance
Section 4 - Areas of Intervention, Mechanisms for Support and Proposed Activities
Annexes - Additional details and information, including a matrix of project activities.