Enhanced Integrated Framework (IF)
In October 1997, trade ministers of the World Trade Organization (WTO) established the Integrated Framework (IF) for Trade-related Technical Assistance to least- developed countries (LDCs). The IF is a multi-agency, multi-donor program that coordinates trade-related technical assistance to LDCs by first assisting them in identifying barriers to the expansion of trade and then providing technical assistance to remove those barriers. The six agencies that comprise the IF are the WTO, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD), the United Nations Development Program (UNDP), the World Bank, and the International Trade Centre. A number of multilateral and bilateral donors also participate in the program.
The IF was redesigned in 2000 to ensure that trade issues are more fully integrated into the poverty reduction strategies of LDCs. IF collaborators agreed to conduct pilot diagnostic trade integration studies (DTIS) in LDCs seeking assistance and committed to trade reform. The diagnostic studies, which identify constraints on trade integration, are used to develop a national consensus on and action plans to address constraints, including technical assistance needs. The action plan forms the basis for consultations with donors on how technical assistance needs may be met. As of mid-2004, studies of 13 countries have been completed and work has commenced for studies of 6 more countries.
The DTIS for Mozambique will help build national consensus on the importance of trade to the country's development objectives, including sustainable growth that benefits the poor. A significant step in building consensus was the National Validation Workshop, held in Maputo in September 2004 to discuss the conclusions and recommendations presented in this report. The workshop included leaders of Mozambique's public and private sectors, non-governmental organizations, and donor organizations. It focused on the importance of trade to Mozambique's economic growth and poverty reduction strategies, identified and prioritized constraints on export growth, considered the consultants' preliminary recommendations and priorities for overcoming constraints, and discussed more generally the implications for the Mozambican economy and citizenry--especially the poor--of adopting a more pro-trade policy and regulatory environment.