Protectionist aviation policies severely constrain the development of tourism as well as businesses, including those related to high-value added agriculture and just-in-time manufacturing. This protectionism, for example, pulls customers from the entire travel and tourism chain—from hotels, resorts, car rentals, computer reservations systems, entertainment, and cultural attractions. Further liberalizing air transport will do more to increase receipts from hotels and other tourist and business activities than the income of the national airline. A more liberalized air transport sector will give Mozambique’s products greater access to international markets, reduce the cost of doing business in and with Mozambique, and improve the business enabling environment in general. It will also attract more tourists, which, in turn, will create more jobs and more exports.
This report for the Confederation of Mozambican Business Associations (CTA) examines issues related to air liberalization from the point of view of users of the air transport industry—tourists, businesses, cargo movers—and makes concrete recommendations on reducing costs, improving efficiency, and introducing more competition without compromising air safety. The report was carried out under the Trade and Investment Project (TIP) and the Mozambique Tourism Project (MTP), which both support USAID’s Strategic Objective 7 (SO7) and three intermediate objectives: (1) increased market access, (2) improved enabling environment, and (3) increased capacity in labor-intensive enterprises. The recommendations are intended to help CTA advocate further reform of the air transport sector. Section 2 examines the current policies for the aviation sector; Section 3 presents an overview of the air transport sector; and Section 4 presents proposed liberalization steps.
The objective of this assignment is look at issues related to air liberalization from the point of view of users of the air transport industry (e.g., tourists, businesses, cargo, etc.) in order to produce a report that makes concrete recommendations on reducing costs, improving efficiency, introducing more competition without compromising air safety in Mozambique.